• Caring for Nature

      On this page:

      •  Farmland Birds

      •  Wild Flowers

      •  Trees

      •  Ponds

      •  Insects

      •  Other Wildlife Projects

      •  Record Sompting Nature

      •  Where to learn more


      Farmland Birds in the Sompting Downs

      Many birds that you will rarely see in your garden depend on farmland habitats where they can nest on the ground and protect and feed their chicks. We make sure to provide habitats for ground nesting birds such as Skylarks, Corn Buntings, Grey Partridges, Lapwings and even maybe Stone Curlew and Wheatear.  Mike Tristram the Managing Trustee, in his capacity as Chairman of South Downs Land Managers, is a member of the steering group for the South Downs Farmland Bird Initiative, on whose website you can find more information and pictures of these birds.  A number of the Estate's barns have Barn Owl nestboxes, and the Sompting Downs Environment Education Centre itself has a built-in nestbox in which three or four Little Owls have been hatched each year since it was erected.


      Wild Flowers in the Sompting Downs

      Click here and here for a survey of Lychpole Hill SSSI (Open Access Area)
      Click here for a survey of Steepdown Hill SNCI (Open Access Area)
      Click here for a survey of Tenants Hill SNCI (access by arrangement with the Estate)
      Click here for a survey of Cokeham Brooks SNCI (access by arrangement with the Estate)

      Many of our most interesting flowers are in the permanent chalk grassland, but our two downland farms also each have rare arable plants:


      Shepherd's Needle
      at Lychpole Farm

      Corn Mignonette 
      at Upton Farm


      Rampion Ecological Survey

      An important community benefit of development projects can sometimes be the survey information gained, which can help with the future management of the landscape.  Click here to read a summary kindly provided by Fisher German Priestner, agents for E.ON, of the ecological findings within the Sompting area.


      Trees in the Sompting Landscape

      Dutch Elm Disease affects elms on a cycle of about 15 years as they grow up, are infected by the bark beetles, and die. Ideally trees infested with breeding beetle grubs are felled in winter to keep the beetle population low so as to help protect the National Elm Collection in the Brighton area.  Unfortunately it has been proving difficult to secure appropriate funding and sustain expertise for this work.   
               The Sompting Estate had planted some splendid shaws and trackside tree hedgerows of English Elm in the 18th Century or earlier.  These are now mostly hedgerows of suckers, for example in the upper Dankton Lane area.  If not cut, these produce recurring cycles of many standing dead trees which eventually become hazardous, with an understorey of ivy and not resulting in a very biodiverse or attractive environment.  The Estate has been felling the dead elms and planting other native tree species to improve the landscape and biodiversity.

      2012:  Upper Dankton Lane after felling the dead elms and planting other trees


      Lower Dankton Lane dead elms tree row felled 2011     2013: Lower Church Lane new shaw planting replaces elms  



      Ponds in Sompting

      All the downland dewponds in Sompting, fed by rains and mists, dried up during the latter half of the twentieth century, generally through lack of maintenance as water came to be provided cheaply (then) from the new mains supply, for which the Estate installed an extensive network in the early 1960s, and as livestock grazing dwindled with the increase in winter wheat production.  These ponds had however been valuable not only for livestock, but also for wild birds mammals and insects.  
                  In the 1980s the Sompting Estate began a program of restoring these with the Tenants Hill and Lychpole Hill (Cradle Hill) dewponds.  In the 1990s a new seasonal pond was created by a bund.  


      In 2009 the dewpond at the Downs Barn was restored with help from the South Downs Society.  In 2011 Lychpole Farm restored the beautiful large dewpond near Cissbury at Stump Bottom, near where the Romano-British settlement was up to the 4th century (did they first make the pond there?).  In 2013 we cleared all the silt and fly tipping out of the pond at the old Dankton Barn site. 


      In 2014 subject to funding we are hoping to restore the dewpond at Lychpole bottom.  Ponds are less surprising, but just as valuable to wildlife, in the coastal plain where they are fed by springs from the chalk.  In 2014 the Estate plans to restore several pond areas and streams in the Cokeham Brooks SNCI by clearing overhanging trees and de-silting.  In that area Sompting also boasts its own Knucker Hole, a bottomless pond inhabited by a dragon.


      Insects in Sompting

      The butterflies of the downs are well known such as the blues to be found on the chalk grassland at Steepdowns Hill SNCI and elsewhere.

      Moth surveys at the Downs Barn show something of the amazing diversity of this fascinating largely nocturnal insect group; survey here.

      Two-thirds of the species of bumblebee that exist in Britain, can be found on the Sompting downs; survey here.


      Other wildlife projects on the Sompting Estate

      • The Estate's three farms are all accepted in the Higher Level Agri-Environment Scheme and their Farm Environment Plans create maintain or restore many different kinds of habitat for wildlife.  For example - Winter food for birds; nesting sites; cover to protect fledglings of ground-nesting birds from predators; flowery margins for pollinators; scrub clearance for chalk grassland restoration.
      • The Mountain woodland is being managed for conservation: after the 1987 hurricane it regrew densely with sycamore seedlings leaving little habitat for wildlife.  The Estate has for 8 years been clearing rides and glades for wild flowers butterflies and birds, and planting a traditional coppice system with hazel and other mixed native species under the beech and ash standards.

      Record Sompting Nature                

      The Downs Barn Environment Education Centre is a supporter member of the National Biodiversity Network

      Above you will find links to some surveys giving an idea of the rich diversity of nature on the Sompting Estate.

      In the near future we would like to make this all available through the NBN and to make it easy for local naturalists to contribute your own observations and photographs to the record through a link on this website.


      Where to learn more 

      Wildlife Species 

      Places for Wildlife 

      Caring for the Environment


      Listen to the latest 'Ranger's View'
      by Bruce Middleton      
      Sussex Wildlife Images

       Sussex Flora Images


      Click on the links below





      Wild Flower Society

      Sussex Botanical 
      Recording Society

      Hants Plants

      Ferns Mosses &

      Save the Elms


      Learning with the
      Woodland Trust

      South Downs Farmland 
      Bird Initiative

      Royal Society for the 
      Protection of Birds

      British Trust for

       Lancing Nature





      British Deer Society

      The Mammal Society


      Sussex Bat Group


      Conservation Trust






       Butterfly Conservation

      Bees, Wasps & Ants

      British Dragonfly Society


      Association of British
      Fungus Groups